Posted by Andrew Hill on Mon, Apr 1, 2019 @ 11:21 AM

ULEZ: A complete business guide

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 New research from Auto Trader suggests that 1 in 10 Londoners are confused about the Ultra-Low Emission Zone (ULEZ) and how it will affect them. 31% wrongly believe all vehicles will have to pay the ULEZ charge while a similar proportion wrongly believes that any vehicle registered in the last ten years will be exempt.

We’ve compiled everything you need to know about ULEZ, including the most frequently asked questions about the charges, how it will affect your business and what we can do to help.


KEY POINTS

  • The ULEZ charge comes into force on April 8, 2019
  • Central London zone will operate 24 hours a day, seven days a week
  • Charges apply to most diesel cars over 4 years old and most vans over 3 years old
  • Few petrol cars will be affected
  • Payment can be made online or via telephone

The Ultra Low Emission Zone

The Ultra Low Emission Zone will replace the T-Charge from 8 April 2019. The zone is designed to improve the city’s air quality by charging older and more polluting vehicles that drive into the city centre. This includes diesel cars and vans which don’t meet the latest Euro emission standards.

A summary of the new ULEZ plans announced by Sadiq Khan >

What are the ULEZ standards?

The Euro standards - which first appeared in 1992 - are a range of emissions controls that set limits for air polluting nitrogen oxides (NOx) and particulate matter (PM) from engines. New vehicles and road vehicle engines must show that they meet these limits to be approved for sale.

  • The ULEZ standards are:
  • Euro 3 for motorcycles, mopeds, motorised tricycles and quadricycles (L category)
  • Euro 4 (NOx) for petrol cars, vans, minibuses and other specialist vehicles
  • Euro 6 (NOx and PM) for diesel cars, vans and minibuses and other specialist vehicles
  • Euro VI (NOx and PM) for lorries, buses and coaches and other specialist heavy vehicles (NOx and PM)

Where will this apply?: The ULEZ Map

ULEZ Boundary Map

London's ULEZ operates in the centre of the capital, in the same zone that’s used for the congestion charge. This runs from Victoria and Hyde Park in the west to Tower Bridge in the east, and from Euston Road in the north to Elephant & Castle in the south.

It will expand to become ten times the size by 2021. More than 100,000 vehicles driving within the North Circular and South Circular roads could be liable for charges.

The daily charge runs from midnight to midnight, 7 days a week, every day of the year, within the same area as the current Congestion Charging Zone (CCZ) and will be run by Transport for London (TfL), the capital's transport authority.

See the full map here.

Is my vehicle compliant?

If your petrol car is more than 13 years old in 2019, then you’ll probably be affected by the ULEZ.

Diesel cars must meet much tougher standards than petrol models because they have historically produced higher levels of toxic exhaust gases.

Only models that meet the latest Euro 6 emissions limits are exempt. New cars have had to comply since September 2015, so most vehicles over four years old will be liable for the charge.

Use this tool to check if your vehicle is recognised as meeting the ULEZ standards >

How much will the ULEZ charge cost your business?

The ULEZ charge will cost a daily fee of £12.50 for most vehicle types, including cars, motorcycles and vans (up to and including 3.5 tonne). For heavier vehicles, including lorries (over 3.5 tonnes) and buses/coaches (over 5 tonnes), the daily charge is fixed at £100.

There is a penalty charge of £160, which is reduced to £80 if paid within 14 days.

Number of vans in your fleet

Daily charge

Weekly charge

Monthly charge

Year charge

1

£12.50

£62.50

£250.00

£3,000.00

5

£62.50

£312.50

£1,250.00

£15,00.00

10

£125.00

£625.00

£2,500.00

£30,000.00

Number of HGVs in your fleet

Daily charge

Weekly charge

Monthly charge

Year charge

1

£100.00

£500.00

2,000.00

£24,000.00

5

£500.00

£2,500.00

10,000.00

£120,000.00

10

£1,000.00

£5,000.00

20,000.00

£240,000.00

Calculations in this table are based on a fixed charge fee of £12.50 per day per van and £100 per day per lorry. Find out more about the charges here.

Who is exempt from paying ULEZ?

Central London residents who are already registered for the Congestion Zone discount will not have to pay ULEZ charges until October 2021. If your car doesn't meet the less-stringent T-Charge regulations, and you benefit from a residents' 90 per cent discount, you'll have to continue paying the £1 per day charge.

Any vehicle that meets or exceeds the emissions standard will be exempt from the charge, so drivers won't need to pay to enter the zone.

Find out more about the ULEZ exemptions here >

How does ULEZ affect Vans and minibuses?

The ULEZ will apply based on the declared emissions of the vehicle rather than the age, yet:

  • All new diesel vans sold from September 2016 should meet the Euro 6 standard
  • All petrol vans registered with the DVLA from January 2006 should meet the Euro 4 standard

Vehicles included are:

  • Small vans (weighing up to and including 1.205 tonnes unladen weight)
  • Larger vans, 4X4 light utility vehicles, motorised horseboxes, pickups (over 1.205 tonnes unladen weight up to and including 3.5 tonnes gross vehicle weight)
  • Ambulances and motorcaravans (2.5 tonnes to 3.5 tonnes)
  • Minibuses (more than 8 passenger seats, not over 5 tonnes)

Find out more about how ULEZ affects vans and minibuses here >

How does ULEZ affect HGVs and Lorries?

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For heavier vehicles, including lorries (over 3.5 tonnes) and buses/coaches (over 5 tonnes), the daily charge is fixed at £100. Vehicles included are:

  • Lorries
  • Buses and coaches (more than 8 passenger seats, over 5 tonnes gross vehicle weight)
  • Motorised horseboxes (over 3.5 tonnes gross vehicle weight)
  • Breakdown and recovery vehicles
  • Snow ploughs
  • Gritters
  • Refuse collection vehicles
  • Road sweepers
  • Concrete mixers
  • Fire engines
  • Tippers
  • Removals lorries (over 3.5 tonnes gross vehicle weight)

Read: How truck hire can help to meet new rules for HGV compliance in London >

How does ULEZ affect Cars?

The minimum emission standards for cars are:

  • Petrol: Euro 4
  • Diesel: Euro 6

The ULEZ will be enforced based on the declared emissions of the vehicle rather than the age. However, petrol cars that meet the ULEZ standards are generally those registered with the DVLA after 2005. Diesel cars that meet the standards are generally those registered with the DVLA after September 2015.

The daily charge of £12.50 will run from midnight to midnight, 7 days a week, every day of the year.

Find out more about how the ULEZ affects cars here >

How does ULEZ affect Motorbikes?

Motorbikes will need to meet Euro 3 emissions standards to be exempt.

The ULEZ applies based on the declared emissions of the vehicle rather than the age. Euro 3 engines registered with the DVLA after July 2007 meet the new emissions standards. If these requirements are not met the daily charge is £12.50.

  • Vehicles included are:
  • Motorcycles
  • Mopeds
  • Motorised tricycles
  • Quadricycles (L category)

Find out more about how ULEZ affects Motorbikes here >

How do I pay the ULEZ charges?

You’ll be able to pay online on the TFL website from 8 April 2019 or download the free official TfL app. You can also pay by phone (0343 222 2222).

Register for Auto pay

Another way to pay the ULEZ is by registering for Auto pay. Register for Auto Pay (£10 admin charge per vehicle) - this will be expanded to include ULEZ payments. If you already have Auto Pay, then you don't need to do anything.

Find out more about auto pay here >

Do I qualify for the ULEZ Scrappage Scheme?

TfL has launched a scrappage scheme to help Small businesses and charities in London scrap vans that do not comply with the new Ultra Low Emission Zone standards, but which are driven into the ULEZ central London zone regularly.  Find out more in our blog:  Do I qualify for the ULEZ Scrappage Scheme?

Enterprise Flex-E-Rent also have a range of additional discounts to offer for TfL's van scrappage scheme. Click here for more information →

How to avoid the charges

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Whether you're a business owner or a fleet manager with a fleet of 1 or 100+ vans or HGVs, the best way you can beat the daily ULEZ charges is to ensure your fleet meets the necessary euro 6 emission standards.

Vehicle hire is ideal for preparing for ULEZ and planning for future regulations. That way you can hire Euro 6 compliant vehicles on a short term, long-term or flexible basis from a fleet provider that will ensure you have a vehicle to suit every journey.

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